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Israel accused of redrawing borders

2005-07-11 09:34:00

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Israel accused of redrawing borders
Sunday 10 July 2005 12:04 PM GMT

Palestinians have reacted angrily to the Israeli plan

Israel's approval of a new route for its West Bank separation barrier is part of a political agenda designed, under the pretext of security, to mark the state's borders, a Palestinian official has said.

Ziyad Abu Ziyad, a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council, was reacting to the move by Tel Aviv to extend the barrier so as to separate more than a quarter of the Palestinian population of Jerusalem from the rest of the city.

The revised route will mean that some 55,000 residents of East Jerusalem, which was seized by Israel in 1967, will no longer be able to travel freely throughout the city.

About 230,000 Palestinians live in the city.

The decision prompted a furious reaction from Palestinians, who accused Israel of trying to impose a unilateral solution on the fate of Jerusalem.

"What is happening now is Israel's implementation of a unilateral decision to set Israel's borders, despite all Palestinian, Arab or international consideration," Abu Ziyad told Aljazeera.

"They (Israel) have invented a cover to implement their plan. This cover is the lie of Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip," he added.

Europe, the US and the rest of the world refuse to talk about anything related to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, continued Abu Ziyad.

"They say they would wait until the Israeli withdrawal from Gaza is completed. The withdrawal is being carried out along with the implementation of a Zionist project in the West Bank," he stressed.

Neighbourhoods separated

The new path will cut through two Palestinian neighbourhoods as well as the Qalandiya refugee camp on the eastern outskirts of the city.

The barrier dramatically changes
Jerusalem's demographics
But Deputy Prime Minister Ehud Olmert insisted that Jerusalem citizens who found themselves outside the route of the barrier would not lose their access to services to which they were entitled.

"They will continue to be the beneficiaries of the social and municipal services which they are entitled to as holders of residency cards," Olmert told public radio.

The minister, a former mayor of Jerusalem, also said that "building work should be completed in September" around East Jerusalem.

The barrier reshapes the boundaries of the disputed city and dramatically changes its demographics.

It leaves four Arab neighbourhoods with 55,000 residents, including a refugee camp, on the West Bank side, while including the largest Jewish West Bank settlement, Maaleh Adumim with close to 30,000 people, on the Jerusalem side.

The 55,000 Palestinians face daily trips through Israeli checkpoints to enter the main part of their city, while the rest of the West Bank's 2.3 million Palestinians are banned from entering Jerusalem at all times because of Israeli security restrictions.

PA powerless

Asked what the PA intends to do in reaction to the Israeli plans, Abu Ziyad said: "The PA is not an equivalent of the Israeli side. It does not have the ability and power to face and stop these Israeli actions."

The US is financially aiding the
set up of the wall, says Abu Ziyad
He said there was "a clear American prejudice concerning this issue".

"The US has dedicated $50 million to install electronic observation equipment at the gates established at the separation wall inside the West Bank and around Jerusalem city," said Abu Ziyad.

"We cannot even convince the Americans to use their money and authority to force Israel to respect The Hague's decision.

"There is no specific Palestinian strategy to deal with the separation wall."

Court rulings

Construction has been slowed down in the Jerusalem area following recent rulings by the Israeli Supreme Court that said the fundamental rights of some civilians were being infringed by the current plans.

The rulings forced the government to redraw parts of the route and implement extra access measures.

Chief Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erikat said the move had the potential to destroy the already deeply troubled peace process as it appeared that the Israelis were trying to impose their own solution on the status of Jerusalem.

"This is a very critical development which has the potential to destroy the entire peace process"

Saeb Erikat,
Chief Palestinian negotiator
"This is a very critical development which has the potential to destroy the entire peace process," Erikat told journalists.

"With this step, they are trying to decide the fate of Jerusalem.

"We are urging the Bush administration to stop Israel dictating the situation and from imposing unilateral measures."

Wall illegal

While the government has taken account of the Supreme Court's rulings, it has ignored the non-binding judgment of the United Nations' International Court of Justice.

The ICJ ruled that parts of the separation barrier which jut into the West Bank are illegal and should be torn down.

Palestinians point to its route as proof of an intention to pre-empt the borders of their promised future state, while Israel insists that it is a security measure designed to prevent attacks on its soil.

Aljazeera + Agencies

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